A system used to monitor real-time H2S and SO2 concentrations above liquid sulfur pits and respond quickly to unsafe accumulation levels.Request a Quote
The liquid sulfur produced in the process of refining petroleum is often stored in a concrete 'sulfur pit' in the ground. The vapor headspace above the liquid sulfur often contains H2S, which is extremely toxic and explosive. In order to ensure a safe operating environment, this area needs to be continuously purged of H2S.
To validate this purging process and provide round-the-clock safety, real-time H2S measurement is required, along with an alarm when the H2S concentration approaches its lower explosive limit (LEL) in air. The SO2 measurement should also be incorporated in order to detect smoldering fires in the liquid sulfur; since these sulfur fires tend to spray SO2 fumes upward, a sensitive detector can recognize early warnings of spreading fire.
To analyze the chemical composition of sulfur pit vapor, the TLG-837-SP uses an analysis method known as ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. The system measures a high-resolution absorbance spectrum from 200nm to 800nm, where H2S and SO2 have strong absorbance curves.
The TLG-837-SP uses a long-life xenon light source to transmit a signal through the sample fluid in the flow cell within the probe head. The signal is carried by fiber optic cables from the analyzer to the probe, where the sampled tail gas has unique interactions with the light based on its current composition. Learn more
To analyze sulfur pit vapor, the TLG-837-SP detects the distinctive absorbance curve of each chemical analyte and mathematically isolates this structure from the total sample absorbance. In accordance with Beer-Lambert Law, the TLG-837-SP correlates the height of each curve directly to the real-time concentration of its corresponding chemical.
Our proprietary ECLIPSE software processes the raw spectral data to provide real-time concentration readings. The operator can easily navigate between views (trendgraph, spectrum, and more) using intuitive touch-screen navigation. You can also configure alarms, data logging, and outputs. Learn more
The TLG-837-SP simultaneously measures H2S and SO2 using a de-convolution algorithm which separates the absorbance curve of each analyte from the total sample absorbance by solving a regression matrix sourced from hundreds of data points. This approach is superior to the "chopper" filter wheel because it has no moving parts, no filters, and no cross-interference. Learn more
The TLG-837 uses our patented in situ DEMISTER Probe for tail gas sampling. Learn more about this technology below.
The DEMISTER sampling probe was designed to be lightweight and compact, so it can easily be installed by a single technician. The probe is mounted on the process pipe via flange.
The actual interaction between the sample gas and the light signal occurs in the flow cell disk within the probe head, where fiber optic connections on opposite ends transmit light across the path length of the disk.
Tail gas contains elemental sulfur which is quick to condense and plug mechanical cavities or obstruct optical signals. The DEMISTER Probe removes sulfur from the rising sample as an internalized function within the probe body. Recycling the steam generated by the Claus process, the probe controls the temperature along its body at a level where all sulfur vapor in the rising sample condenses and drips back down to the process pipe.
Inside the probe, an internal ‘demister’ chamber (concentric to the probe body) is fed with low pressure steam. Since the LP steam is much cooler than the tail gas, this chamber has a cooling effect on the rising sample. Elemental sulfur has the lowest condensation point of all of the components in the tail gas. Due to the internal probe temperature maintained by the LP steam, all of the elemental sulfur in the rising sample is selectively removed by condensation while a high-integrity sample continues upward for analysis in the probe head.
The point of interaction between the light signal and the sample gas occurs in the flow cell disk inside the probe head. The flow cell disk has a built-in HP steam channel to heat the cell and ensure that any present sulfur remains gaseous—eliminating the possibility of condensation on the optical windows.
An aspirator creates a Venturi effect which pulls the sample up the probe body intake path, through the flow cell for analysis, and down the return line. The used sample is released back into the process pipe.
The Utility Control Panel (UCP) regulates utilities going to the DEMISTER sampling probe for the TLG-837. The UCP is optional; the customer can decide to purchase the UCP from Applied Analytics or build your own integration panel. View datasheet
The major safety flaw of other tail gas analyzers is that they bring the toxic sample fluid into the analyzer enclosure for analysis. Not only does this practice expose the system electronics to higher corrosion effects, it also poses a lethal threat: if there is any leak in the instrument — especially inside a shelter — the human operator is placed at enormous risk.
The key difference between the TLG-837 and other tail gas analyzers is the use of fiber optic cables: we bring the light to the sample instead of bringing the sample to the light. The toxic sample only needs to circulate through the probe, and never enters the analyzer electronics enclosure.
Note: All performance specifications are subject to the assumption that the sample conditioning system and unit installation are approved by Applied Analytics. For any other arrangement, please inquire directly with Sales.
|Measurement Principle||Dispersive ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorbance spectrophotometry|
|Detector||nova II™ UV-Vis diode array spectrophotometer|
|Spectral Range||200-800 nm|
|Light Source||Pulsed xenon lamp (average 5 year lifespan)|
|Signal Transmission||600 μm core 1.8 meter fiber optic cables
Other lengths available
|Sample Introduction||In situ DEMISTER Probe|
|Analyzer Calibration||Calibrated with certified calibration fluids; no re-calibration required after initial calibration; measurement normalized by Auto Zero|
|Reading Verification||Simple verification with samples|
|Human Machine Interface||Industrial controller with touch-screen LCD display running ECLIPSE™ Software|
|Data Storage||Solid State Drive|
|Analyzer Environment||Indoor/Outdoor (no shelter required)|
|Ambient Temperature||Standard: 0 to 35 °C (32 to 95 °F)
Optional: -20 to 55 °C (-4 to 131 °F)
To avoid radiational heating, use of a sunshade is recommended for systems installed in direct sunlight.
|Electrical||85 to 264 VAC 47 to 63 Hz|
|Power Consumption||65 watts|
|Instrument Air||70 psig (-40 °C dew point)|
|Steam Pressure||70 psig for DEMISTER chamber
30-50 psig for probe blowback function
|Standard Outputs||1x galvanically isolated 4-20mA analog output per measured analyte
5x digital relay outputs for indication and control
1x K type ungrounded thermocouple input
|Optional Outputs||Modbus TCP/IP; RS-232; RS-485; Fieldbus; Profibus; HART;|
|Wetted Materials||Stainless Steel 316/316L, Kalrez
Other materials available
|Analyzer Enclosure||wall-mounted NEMA 4X stainless steel type 304 Enclosure
Other enclosures available
|Probe Material||Stainless Steel 316/316L
Other materials available
|System Dimensions||Analyzer: 24” H x 20” W x 8” D (610mm H x 508mm W x 203mm D)
Prove (Average): 36” length x 12“ widest diameter (914mm x 305mm)
|System Weight||Analyzer: 32 lbs. (15 kg)
Prove (Average): 29 lbs. (13 kg)
|H2S||0-2%||± 1% full scale||± 0.4%|
|SO2||0-2%||± 1% full scale||± 0.4%|
|Off-Ratio Range||100:1 H2S:SO2 20:1|
|Response Time||T10 - T90: 10 seconds|
|Zero Drift||±0.1% after 1hr warm-up, measured over 24hrs at constant ambient temperature|
|Sensitivity||±0.1% full scale|
|Noise||±0.004 AU at 220 nm|
The following certifications are available.
|NEC||Class I, Division 1, Groups C & D; AEx d IIB T3|
|CEC||Class I, Division 1, Groups C & D; AEx d IIB T3|
|ATEX||Exp II 2(2) GD|
|GOST||Russian Gosstandart Pattern Approval|